The value of investments and the income they generate may go down as well as up and it is possible that investors will not recover their initial investment. Past performance is not a guide to future performance. Investing in emerging markets, or specialised or restricted sectors, is likely to be subject to a higher-than-average volatility due to a high degree of concentration, to greater uncertainty because less information and/or less liquidity is available or due to greater sensitivity to changes in market conditions (social, political and economic conditions). Some emerging markets offer less security than the majority of international developed markets. For this reason, services for portfolio transactions, liquidation and conservation on behalf of funds invested in emerging markets may carry greater risk.